This video documents our recent trip to Jordan over the Chinese New Year holiday. Highlights include Madaba, Bethany-beyond-Jordan (the site where John the Baptist is believed to have baptized Jesus), Mt. Nebo (the site where Moses is believed to have looked into the Promised Land), Jerash, Wadi Rum, and Petra.
Jordan 2020 from Patrick Ward on Vimeo.
This video documents our recent trip to Egypt over the Chinese New Year holiday. Highlights include the pyramids of Giza, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, temples at Kom Ombo, Edfu, and Luxor, and the Valley of the Kings.
Egypt 2020 from Patrick Ward on Vimeo.
After 26 dives and many hours of video, I have prepared some highlights from our recent scuba diving trip to Borneo.
My wife and I traveled to northern Vietnam over the Chinese National Day holiday (70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China). Check out the video below:
My recent paper with David Ortega and Vincenzina Caputo was recently accepted for publication at World Development Perspectives. The paper is now online (and open access) here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wdp.2019.100132
My paper with Jared Gars was recently accepted for publication at World Development. The paper is now online (and open access) here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.11.014
My paper with Ruth Vargas Hill, Neha Kumar, Nick Magnan, Simrin Makhija, Francesca de Nicola, and David Spielman was recently accepted for publication in the Journal of Development Economics. It is online (and open access) here: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2018.09.003
A new study in the journal Science uses one of the most comprehensive databases ever constructed to examine the impact of the agricultural sector on greenhouse gas emissions. Amazingly, more than 80 percent of farmland is used for livestock (in one way or another), but animal products account for just 18 percent of food calories and 37 percent of protein.
Fertilizer subsidies in India currently account for the second-largest government transfer, with estimated outlays of over 700 billion rupees (USD 10 billion) projected for the 2018-19 fiscal year. Because of the vast size of fertilizer subsidies and the subsequent market distortions they introduce, India’s fertilizer subsidies have been the subject of much scrutiny for some time. Among other effects, these subsidies introduce arbitrage opportunities whereby subsidized fertilizer supplies from India can be smuggled across porous borders into Nepal and Bangladesh and sold in so-called ‘grey markets.’ Several reforms have been introduced in recent years in an attempt to improve the distribution of fertilizers across the country, including the introduction of the mobile fertilizer management system (mFMS), which electronically tracks fertilizer supplies down the supply chain from manufacturer to input dealer. More recently, the Government of India has introduced what is commonly referred to – albeit incorrectly – as a Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme for fertilizers. The government has previously introduced DBT programs for liquefied petroleum gas cylinders for domestic use, and several state governments have recently introduced DBT schemes for seeds. One of the primary motivations behind DBT for fertilizers is that it would enable better monitoring of transactions of heavily subsidized fertilizer across the country. Digitizing purchases would also allow inventories to be managed better and the system’s demand-prediction ability to be improved, given that most of the annual demand is concentrated into 3–4 months. A longer-term goal is to integrate land records and fertilizer recommendations through their Aadhaar (unique identification) numbers so that, at the time of purchase, farmers would only be allowed to purchase subsidized fertilizer according to the recommendations on their soil health cards.
See the full research note here.